image of the book cover of Arctic Scientist, Gulag Survivor: The Biography of Mikhail Mikhailovich Ermolaev, 1905-1991

Arctic Scientist, Gulag Survivor: The Biography of Mikhail Mikhailovich Ermolaev, 1905-1991

By Aleksei Mikhailovich Ermolaev and, V.D. Dibner, , Edited and Translated by William Barr

$44.95 CAD / $46.95 USD (S)

615 pages, 150 illustrations

6 x 9 inches

Hardback: 1552382567

Paperback: 978-1-55238-256-1

Library PDF: 978-1-55238-491-6

November 2009

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The biography of prominent Soviet Arctic scientist Mikhail Mikhailovich Ermolaev covering his work in the Arctic, deportation to the Gulag, forced government assignments, exile, and remarkable return to academic life. Translated from the Russian.

One of the most prominent Soviet Arctic scientists of the 1920s and 1930s, Mikhail Mikhailovich Ermolaev was a geologist, physicist, and oceanographer. After working in the Arctic for some thirteen years, he was arrested by the NKVD, convicted on a trumped-up charge of “sabotage,” and sent to the Gulag for ten years.

After barely surviving a year of correctional hard labour in a lumber camp, Ermolaev was appointed to a sharashka, or professional team, which was charged with extending the railroad to the coal mines of Vorkuta in the farthest reaches of northeast Russia. Still later, he and his family were exiled to Syktyvkar and Arkhangel’sk. Remarkably, Ermolaev was eventually able to resume his academic career, ultimately establishing a new Department of the Geography of the Oceans at Kaliningrad State University.

Translated from the original Russian and edited by William Barr, this biography is a fascinating personal account typical of the experiences of so many Soviet citizens who were unjustly banished to the infamous Gulag. Because Ermolaev was part of a specialist team, the conditions he and his family endured were better than most, with reasonably comfortable quarters and relatively adequate food. However, his story still clearly illustrates the brutality and inhumanity of the system.

Ermolaev’s son, Aleksei, was one of the authors of the original Russian-language biography published in 2005. His own recollections of his father’s arrest and of the family’s experiences while his father was in the Gulag, along with an excellent selection of family photographs, infuse Arctic Scientist, Gulag Survivor with a sense of immediacy and personal connection. Thanks to the expertise of William Barr, Ermolaev’s story is now available in English for the first time.

About the Translator:

William Barr is a research fellow at the Arctic Institute of North America. A glacial geomorphologist by training, his major research focus is the history of exploration in the Arctic, a subject on which he has published extensively. In May 2006, he received a lifetime achievement award from the Canadian Historical Association for his contributions to the historiography of the Canadian North.

Praise for Arctic Scientist, Gulag Survivor: 

[The] translation is very good. This biography tells a fascinating story about a remarkable man who should be better known.

—William K. Dallmann, Polar Research 

William Barr has done an excellent job of translating this work. 

—Alexander Hill, Arctic

Table of Contents

Translator’s Forward

Authors’ Preface

Chapter 1: Childhood and Youth

Chapter 2: The Arctic saves Ermolaev

Chapter 3: The Lyakhovskie Ostrova

Chapter 4: Basic Investigations on Novaya Zemlya

Chapter 5: The First and Second High–Latitude Expeditions on Board the Icebreaker Sadko

Chapter 6: In Leningrad (1936–37)

Chapter 7: The Third High–Latitude Expedition on board Sadko

Chapter 8: Arrested Twice and Convicted Twice

Chapter 9: Ukhtpechlag. Building the Vorkuta Railroad

Chapter 10: The Exile–Chief Geologist

Chapter 11: Return to Leningrad

Chapter 12: At Leningrad University (1959–71)

Chapter 13: Kaliningrad (1970–83)

Chapter 14: With His Family

Chapter 15: The Last Years

Appendix 1: A Survey of M.M. Ermolaev’s Major Works #40;1948–70)

Appendix 2: Introduction to Physical Geography

Appendix 3: M.M. Ermolaev’s Scientific Legacy